is an Okinawan art of self-defense with the bare hands against
both armed and unarmed opponents
is the use of weapons derived from ordinary household implements
or tools in self-defense against armed attackers, including the
bo (6-foot staff), sai (3-pronged iron
truncheon), tonfa (wooden handle), kama
(sickles for harvesting rice), nunchaku (wooden
flail), eku (boat oar), and others.
is unarmed self-defense practiced by the samurai against
both armed and unarmed attackers, primarily involving joint-locks,
throws, chokes, and pins.
is the art of self-defense with the samurai sword,
drawing the sword from its scabbard and cutting in a single motion
is the art of combat with the samurai sword, beginning
with the sword already drawn
is the art of self-defense against the
samurai sword using only a 4-foot stick
workshops incorporate training in Japanese language, history,
philosophical systems, traditions, etiquette, fine arts, folk music,
etc. relevant to martial arts.